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Cultural Week Celebration of Languages and the Instituto Miguel Hernández de Alhama de Murcia (23/02/2010)

The mayor of Alhama de Murcia, Jose Espada, opened the week of events that the Institute Miguel Hernández dedicated in 2010 to commemorate the birth of the poet Miguel Hernández Alicante.

With the title "Miguel Hernández, A Life in Four Acts" (1910. Orihuela: Childhood and adolescence, 1931.Madrid: Training and maturity, 1936. The war poet in 1942. Persecution, death and imprisonment), week Culture and the Institute of Languages offers a host of conferences to debate throughout the week in honor of poet playwright Orihuela to disseminate the poet's life and work among students in this school.

Of particular significance in the twentieth century Spanish literature, the poet Alicante is identified in the generation of 36, where it is traditionally recognized, although Damaso Alonso fell within the "epilogue to the generation of 27"

(Orihuela Alicante 1910-1942) Spanish poet.

His literary vocation led him to read Spanish classical authors and enter the circle the Radical, with Ramón Sijé, with whom he had a great friendship.

After publishing some poems in the newspaper of Orihuela and El Gallo Crisis magazine in 1933 published his first book, Perito en lunas whose characteristic style took root in certain sectors of the critical literature of the period.

In 1934 he moved to Madrid, not without difficulty at first, and published, this time in the journal Cruz y Raya, the auto sacramental Who has seen and who sees you and shadow of what they were.

In 1935 appeared The ray that does not stop, composed mainly of sonnets written by the classical forms of the Golden Age.

At the start of the Spanish Civil War, Hernandez joined the Communist Party and joined the republican army.

During the war, his poetry had a highly political, even propaganda: Wind Village (1937) and The Man stalks (1939) and the farmer more air, although published in 1937, his writing is much older.

That same year, he married Josefina Manresa, and throughout the war, participated in activities of international anti-fascist and communist left (II antifascist congress of intellectuals as a guest and a trip to the Soviet Union, the Second Congress of Soviet theater .)

With the victory of the national side, the poet was sentenced to death, a sentence that was commuted to thirty years.

On his way through various jails, was composing his songbook and ballads of absences (published posthumously in 1958), dying of tuberculosis in the prison of Alicante, in 1942.

Source: Ayuntamiento de Alhama de Murcia

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